Ultrasound is performed by our specialist vascular Sonographers. A scan will be done to generate the necessary information for the doctor to make a confident diagnosis of your condition. We use a high resolution duplex ultrasound unit incorporating colour Doppler and spectral Doppler wave form analysis to generate a reliable assessment of any blood vessel within the vascular lesion in most cases.



MRI is a high tech non-invasive and effective tool for imaging soft tissue lesions in the body. A clear detailed image allows for an accurate classification of vascular malformations which details the size of the lesion and the proximity to vital structures.



Biopsy may be required to establish the sub-type of the vascular malformation. For example, a Glomovenous Malformation, previously known as Glomangioma, can be differentiated from Blue Rubber Bleb syndrome, by analysing the samples from a biopsy.



Angiography imaging under X-Ray (angiography or venography) may be required to determine the extent of the lesion. This gets done in an X-Ray department where a dye is injected and images of the veins or arteries are obtained. The doctor will determine if you require this test to be done.


Arteriovenous Malformations

Venous Malformations

Lymphatic Malformations

Capillary Malformations

Complex Malformations